According to the Sunshine State Standards, students should be able to:
- Locate, gather, analyze and evaluate written information for a variety of purposes, including research, real-world tasks, and self-improvement.
- Select and use appropriate study and research skills and tools according to the type of information being gathered or organized, including almanacs, government publications, news sources, and information services.
- Define and give examples of each of the following terms for students:
- Primary Source: firsthand information that comes from a trusted and reliable source, for example: original documents like the US Constitution, letters written by people throughout history, survey results, interviews, observation notes, the live broadcast of an event, or an autobiography.
- Secondary Source: information that has been gathered and interpreted by another outside source, for example: textbooks, magazine articles about people or groups of people, a reporter doing a news story from earlier in the day, movie reviews, or a biography.
- Review the difference between fact and opinion, based on the source of information. Practice with real examples!
- Primary Source ® Factual
- Secondary Source ® Opinionated
Model the process of reading a graph, chart, or statistics from your class text by thinking aloud through steps 1 and 2, then determining the following:
- Author’s point of view on the subject
- Meaning of the Information
- How the graphic representation connects to the printed text.
- Students should now be ready to practice these skills. Practice must be followed by more teacher modeling and thinking aloud about each step in the process.
After reading an article and studying the visuals (graphs, charts, photos, drawings, captions, and statistics) have the student use the following table to analyze how the details work together to help them understand what they have read.